ABBA BAR ZAVDA


ABBA BAR ZAVDA
ABBA BAR ZAVDA (third century), Palestinian amora. Abba studied in Babylonia, first under Rav and later under R. Huna. He returned to Ereẓ Israel, where he became one of the leading scholars at the yeshivah of Tiberias. He quotes halakhot in the name of the last of the tannaim: R. Simeon b. Ḥalafta, R. Judah ha-Nasi, and R. Ḥiyya as well as R. Ḥanina, R. Johanan, and Resh Lakish. After the deaths of R. Johanan and R. Eleazar b. Pedat, Abba b. Zavda became one of the most   prominent sages in Ereẓ Israel. At the yeshivah of Tiberias he was given the honor of opening the lecture which Ammi and Assi closed (TJ, Sanh. 1:4, 18c). His humility is stressed by the sages (ibid., 3:5, 21a). His saying, "A Jew, even though he sins, remains a Jew" (Sanh. 44a) is well known. In a sermon delivered on a public fast day, Abba b. Zavda called on those who wished to repent first to mend their evil ways, for "if a man holds an unclean reptile in his hand, he can never become clean, even though he bathes in the waters of Shiloaḥ or in the waters of creation" (TJ, Ta'an. 2:1; in TB, Ta'an. 16a, the statement with slight variations is ascribed to Abba b. Ahavah). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Hyman, Toledot, 43–44; Frankel, Mevo, 66b. (Yitzhak Dov Gilat)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ABBA BAR AVINA — (third century), Palestinian amora. He was also called Abba b. Binah, Abba b. Minah, or simply Buna. He was of Babylonian origin and studied there at the academy of rav (cf. TJ, Sanh. 3:3, 2la) but later immigrated to Ereẓ Israel. Among his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ADDA BAR AHAVAH — (1) Babylonian amora of the third century. He was born on the day R. Judah ha Nasi died (Kid. 72a–b; Gen. R. 58:2). A distinguished pupil of Rav, he twice rent his garments in mourning for Rav s death; the second time, when he realized that there …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rav Huna — (Hebrew: רב הונא) was a Jewish Talmudist who lived in Babylonia, known as an amora of the second generation and head of the Academy of Sura; He was born about 216, [(212 according to Gratz)] passed away in 296 297 (608 of the Seleucidan era)).… …   Wikipedia

  • MEDICINE — From the beginning of their history until modern times Jews have exercised a tremendous influence on the development of medical science. They have always been solicitous in their care for the sick and held the medical profession in great esteem.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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